Bone marrow plays a crucial role in the human body and is vital for survival. Bone marrow is a substance that is found inside the large bones of the human body. This bone marrow present inside the bones is responsible for producing stem cells, which further execute the vital function of producing different blood cells.
The three important blood cells; Red, White, and Platelets, carry oxygen and all the essential nutrients necessary for survival in your body. The intricacy and complexity of the process of a Bone Marrow Transplant contribute to the success rate of a bone marrow transplant.
Bone Marrow Transplant is also affected by factors like a patient’s condition at the time of the transplant. Hence, choosing the best BMT hospital in India that will best serve one’s needs is a major factor to be considered for a successful Bone Marrow Transplant.
Why Is A Bone Marrow Transplant Done?
Bone Marrow Transplant is generally performed in order to replace the damaged stem cells in the larger bones of the body. The dead and impaired stem cells in the bone marrow are replaced with ones that can function properly and continue the process of producing blood cells.
These healthy food-forming stem cells are procured from a healthy donor and implanted into the patient’s damaged bone marrow. It is a complex procedure that requires many factors to be considered like finding the best BMT hospital in India.
What Are The Three Kinds Of Bone Marrow Transplant?
Bone Marrow Transplants are essential of three types, Autologous and Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplants are the first two kinds, and the third one is Umbilical cord blood transplant.
In this case, the patient’s very own stem cells are obtained to fulfil the requirements. Cancer patients have to undergo chemotherapy which further damages any healthy stem cells in the body.
That’s why the stem cells are procured from their bones pre-chemotherapy and stored at a freezing temperature for further use. These stem cells are then put back into the patient’s body after the chemotherapy is completed. This procedure eliminates all chances of rejection and is usually successful.
In this type, the bone marrow stem cells are procured from a suitable donor whose genes should partially match the patient’s genes. In most cases, it’s always a close family member, and the closer the blood relation, the lesser the chances of rejection by the patient’s body.
Donors outside the family can also be found, but it is a time taking process. There’s a registry that contains lists of potential bone marrow donors from India. Only those that fall under the bracket of the best BMT hospital in India have access to it.
- Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant
Umbilical cord blood transplant also falls under the umbrella of Allogeneic BMT. But, the stem cells are procured from a newborn baby’s umbilical cord. This step takes place immediately after the birth of the baby when the umbilical cord is cut off. Like in an allogeneic bone marrow transplant, these cells are stored in a freezer and until required for the transplant.
What Are The Advantages Of A Bone Marrow Transplant?
A bone marrow transplant can save the lives of leukaemia patients, Myelodysplastic syndrome, lymphoma, or any other type of blood cancer. Bone Marrow Transplant improves living conditions and ensures a better quality of life.
The replacement of damaged by healthier cells translates into a better immune system and fights the existing cancer cells in the patient’s body.
How To Find The Best Bone Marrow Transplant Hospital?
Consider the outcomes of the bone marrow transplant surgeries before choosing a hospital. The success rates of transplants and post-recovery rates are both important factors. In addition, the expertise of doctors in a hospital should be optimal.
The capability of the transplant team needs to be considered as well. The best BMT hospital in India, like Max Super Speciality Hospitals, have some of the lead experts in Bone Marrow Transplants in their team.
The haematological department of the hospital should also be experienced and advanced to meet up with the intricacy level of a bone marrow transplant. Overall costs are also an important factor to consider as a good hospital should dispense multiple payment options.
In finding the best BMT hospital in India, consider the key factors like the quality of service provided, doctors and staff qualification and reputation, success rate, and the cost required for the entire procedure. For example, Max Healthcare hospital, one of the best BMT hospitals in India, provides good quality service and has expert doctors.