Home is a place where you want to live a comfortable life with your family. You want all the facilities and amenities in your house for your family. You have a Wi-Fi connection, smart TV, kitchen appliances and many other appliances, HVAC units and a fireplace to maintain a comfortable environment in your house. It does not matter if the summer is at its peak or it is raining outside or roads are covered with a thick sheet of snow, it has a minimal effect on your life in your house.
A boiler is one of the most important appliances in your house. It has different components and each component has a role to play in the overall functioning of a boiler. If one of these components stops working, it may cause problems like leakage, water not heating or the boiler not working at all. The combustion control system is one of the key systems in a boiler. This system has a component called burner which provides heat that your boiler needs to convert water into steam. You will want your boiler’s burner to work at its highest combustion efficiency. The excess air should be the lowest possible.
In this article, you will learn about the basics and importance of this key component of your boiler. In simple words, the burner creates combustion by mixing air and fuel together. Different types of boilers use different fuels to fire a burner. A boiler can use oil, natural gas, coal or propane as fuel. Before you buy a boiler, consider the fuel you can easily access and the space requirement for fuel storage. Also, see if the burner and other Weil-McLain boiler parts are easily available or not.
Coal is no longer used as a fuel in boilers as we have better options that are more efficient and cleaner. Oil-fired boilers and gas-fired boilers are two of the most common types as both oil and gas are easily available and burn cleaner. Whether your boiler uses oil or natural gas as a fuel, the burner performs the following functions:
- Delivering air and fuel to the combustion chamber.
- Mixing the air and fuel
- Igniting and burning this mixture
- Removing combustion products
The process of combustion completes with the oxidation of the combustible elements and compounds of gas, oil or any other fuel used in the boiler. However, this process may also produce byproducts like CO and NOx. These byproducts of combustion can be harmful. The amount of these byproducts produced in the process depends on the fuel and the design of the burner. It may produce more than 60 PPM if the burner is with uncontrolled NOx. Modern boilers use low NOx burners that produce NOx of 30 PPM. You can also buy a burner with ultra-low NOx design. However, this design is limited to firing on propane and natural gas. This design has NOx emission as low as 5 PPM. A boiler with proper combustion controls and the right burner design can achieve its maximum efficiency.
If your Weil-McLain boiler requires burner replacement, visit a website selling Weil McLain boiler parts and make sure that you choose the right design.